© Klaus Dietmar-Gabbert/dpa
After a wolf attack on his herd of cattle, farmer Swen Keller received advice from the regional wolf competence center and implemented effective protective measures. Today he gives his colleagues practical tips for herd protection.
When I came to my pasture in March 2017, I found a dead cow and two torn calves. Of course I had heard of the wolves, but I was not worried about my animals. After some searching, I called the regional competence center . A genetic test proved that it was a pack of wolves.
This is how Swen Keller described the attack on his free-roaming herd of 25 animals. After the attack, the first thing he did was to remove his animals from the pasture, but he knew that this was not a long-term solution, because free range was his promise of quality. Swen Keller was and is determined to protect his herd.
Four weeks after the attack, the herd were grazing outside again. Together with Andreas Berbig from the Wolf Competency Center Iden, Swen Keller analyzed possible herd protection measures and found that there was hardly any experience in Germany of cattle protection. In a pilot project with the support of WWF Germany, Swen, who is also a dog trainer, bought two herd protection dogs and fenced the pasture with a mobile electric fence. The combination of the two measures is crucial for their effectiveness, because individual wolves succeed every now and then to jump over a fence or dig through it.
Guided Swen through the process of obtaining livestock guarding dogs and advised him on fencing equipment
Livestock guarding dogs defend the herd against attacks by wolves. They feel like part of the herd and settle down with the pet owner. The dogs live permanently outside and defend "their" herd against all intruders from the outside. Well-trained livestock protection dogs are no danger to walkers and hikers, but these should lead their dogs on a leash. To make this work, well trained herd protection dogs are required, which are adapted to the type of grazing by the livestock. This requires regular checks made by experienced people so that the dogs do not start to behave incorrectly.
© Klaus Dietmar-Gabbert/dpa
© Klaus Dietmar-Gabbert/dpa
This was a non-binding measure implemented by Fundación Oso Pardo in the frame of LIFE COEX (LIFE04NAT/IT/000144) in 3 provinces, including transboundary wolf population. In Portugal other beneficiary (Grupo Lobo) also carried out similar activities in contiguous region in the Provinces of Salamanca, Avila and Segovia. It specifically involved Farmers, Livestock risers, Administrative staff (government). It operated for 4 years (from 2004 to 2008) and received financial support from EU funds.Please reply to this post for more information or reach out directly to Mrs Jasna Jeremić.
The project ended log time ago, and since than no projects dealing with wolfs were implemented in Croatia. This was a non-binding measure implemented by State Institute for Nature Protection in the frame of LIFE III CROWOLF in municipality / municipalities in the Gospić. It specifically involved Farmers. It operated in 2005 and received financial support from EU funds.Please reply to this post for more information or reach out directly to Christian Pichler.
This was a non-binding measure implemented by Österreichischer Bundesverband für Schafe und Ziegen in municipality / municipalities in the Nationalpark Hohe Tauern, Kals am Großglockner. It specifically involved Farmers. It operated for 5 years (from 2012 to 2017) and received partial financial support from EU funds, Provincial goverments, Ministry of Environment, WWF.Please reply to this post for more information or reach out directly to László Patkó.
This was a non-binding measure implemented by Kuvasz-Őr! in the frame of László Patkó in a transboundary region in the North Hungarian Mountains. It specifically involved Livestock risers. It operated in and received financial support from Own funds, Private donors.Please reply to this post for more information or reach out directly to Dr LUDDENI Véronique.
www.polegrandspredateurs.org NGO working on nature protection/conservation. Thanks to livestock guarding dog, this project aims to support sheep breeders whose herds are victims of lynx attacks. An important step of the project is to learn breeders the educational protocol of dogs. During this project, we developed another protection tool: the multi-herd guarding dog. We educated a dog in order to place him one season after another with different farmers whose herds was attacked. This dog was effective immediately and stopped lynx damage. After this test, the Pôle Grands Prédateurs proposed to breeders to take one or two puppies to replace him. In this context, breeders had the experience of a livestock guarding dog, knew the benefits, and could better apprehend the arrival of a new dog on their farms. Since 2015, the Pôle Grands Prédateurs is no longer a breeding pole for livestock guarding dogs. The association continues its action of support to the sheep breeders by being a platform of discussions and putting in relation breeders who look for dogs and breeders who have puppies to place. We also take in charge directly pups placement. Besides, we organized a lot of communication actions around the theme of “livestock guarding dog as a tool of prevention against lynx predation”. We realized a documentary about this subject in the Jura Massif in 2015/2016. Since 2017, we organized projections and debates with this film for a large audience (general public, naturalists, elected officials, schoolchildren, breeders ...). This was abinding measure implemented by Pôle Grands Prédateurs in the frame of Assistance to sheep breeders – livestock guarding dog and personalized support in Sheep breeders from the French Jura Mountains in the French Jura Mountains. It specifically involved Farmers, Livestock risers. It operated for 8 years (from 2007 to 2015) and received partial financial support from Own funds, Other sources, Public funds (State).Please reply to this post for more information or reach out directly to Jean-Marc Landry.
Electric fences are an important foundation for protecting herds. Through the painful contact, the predators learn to stay away from farm animals. We recommend a fence system with five taut wires, at least 90 centimeters high and with a mimimum voltage of 2,000 volts. It is important to remove the grass under the fence, since otherwise the electricity is permanently discharged. Holes made by lynxes and badgers must also be removed, as otherwise the wolf uses them for digging through. Some vendors specialize in fences that are very easy to assemble and disassemble mechanically - they are particularly suitable for mobile use.
Swen Keller has spent a great deal of time trying to find the best possible solution for his herd, breaking new ground. He was able to finance the necessary purchases through the pilot project. Today, he advises other pet owners in a newly founded association on suitable protective measures and their application in practice.
I am always asked how much it costs and the anticipated expenses. Of course, it does involve extra work at first, but I'm convinced that I can protect my cattle without killing wolves. I therefore pass on my knowledge today in workshops to other livestock owners. ―Swen Keller
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