© Ofelia de Pablo-Javier Zurita / WWF
Fernando Rodríguez Tábara is a young farmer from Cerdillo, Zamora (Spain) who is determined to take over his mother’s farm. A difficult decision, as extensive farming is nothing popular among young people. Neither was being in favour of coexistence at his parent’s times. But he wants to prove that times has changed: he and his patrol of livestock guarding dogs are the evidence.
Castilla y León, Spain
Young people willing to stay in rural Spain are not easy to find, but if they are even determined to make a living from extensive farming, then it becomes almost an impossible task.
Lack of generational replacement and depopulation in rural Spain is one of the biggest problems that currently faces extensive farming. The wolf is normally blamed for it although the figures reveal the situation is the same in both areas with and without wolf presence.
I decided I wanted to take over my mother’s farm against her advice. She wanted me to go to the city, study and get a different kind of job. I did go to the capital and study, but to come back and work with animals, which is what I really like. I grew up in this region, in this farm, with the general message that the wolf was mean. That’s what my parents had learnt and that is what media and society (even kid’s tales!) tell us. I was, of course, against the wolf.
We live in an area where there has always been wolves around. We knew mastiffs, the typical guarding dogs from this region, worked to protect sheep but we had cows and it is commonly believed mastiffs would not protect them in the same way, so we didn’t have any. We were wrong. We had many attacks in the same year, until some friends heard of our problem and gave us the first dogs.
At first I was skeptical. We couldn’t sleep, even knowing there were dogs now with the cattle. I had heard so many stories of people saying dogs didn’t work… I didn’t trust them. This changed when Javier Talegón, a biologist and nature guide specialized in wolves, came to my high school to give us a talk and then invited me to go with him to the field. We were lucky enough as to see wolves, but not only that, they were not far from about 50 cows with a couple of mastiffs. I saw the dogs playing with the shepherd and actually leaving the cows alone running after the man. Luckily he didn’t have any attack, but he had been close!
At that point I understood that it is not only a matter of having dogs, you need to know how to work with them. And mine are not just pets, they are proper guardians which would never leave the cattle alone.
Now I have 14 adult dogs and 6 puppies. Keeping them is expensive: food, veterinary costs, insurances… I think if the administration did its job and help the shepherds who protect their livestock, the wolf wouldn’t be a problem at all. "
Livestock guarding dogs defend the herd against attacks by wolves. They feel like part of the herd and settle down with the pet owner. The dogs live permanently outside and defend "their" herd against all intruders from the outside. Well-trained livestock protection dogs are no danger to walkers and hikers, but these should lead their dogs on a leash. To make this work, well trained herd protection dogs are required, which are adapted to the type of grazing by the livestock. This requires regular checks made by experienced people so that the dogs do not start to behave incorrectly.
© Ofelia de Pablo-Javier Zurita / WWF
www.polegrandspredateurs.org NGO working on nature protection/conservation. Thanks to livestock guarding dog, this project aims to support sheep breeders whose herds are victims of lynx attacks. An important step of the project is to learn breeders the educational protocol of dogs. During this project, we developed another protection tool: the multi-herd guarding dog. We educated a dog in order to place him one season after another with different farmers whose herds was attacked. This dog was effective immediately and stopped lynx damage. After this test, the Pôle Grands Prédateurs proposed to breeders to take one or two puppies to replace him. In this context, breeders had the experience of a livestock guarding dog, knew the benefits, and could better apprehend the arrival of a new dog on their farms. Since 2015, the Pôle Grands Prédateurs is no longer a breeding pole for livestock guarding dogs. The association continues its action of support to the sheep breeders by being a platform of discussions and putting in relation breeders who look for dogs and breeders who have puppies to place. We also take in charge directly pups placement. Besides, we organized a lot of communication actions around the theme of “livestock guarding dog as a tool of prevention against lynx predation”. We realized a documentary about this subject in the Jura Massif in 2015/2016. Since 2017, we organized projections and debates with this film for a large audience (general public, naturalists, elected officials, schoolchildren, breeders ...). This was abinding measure implemented by Pôle Grands Prédateurs in the frame of Assistance to sheep breeders – livestock guarding dog and personalized support in Sheep breeders from the French Jura Mountains in the French Jura Mountains. It specifically involved Farmers, Livestock risers. It operated for 8 years (from 2007 to 2015) and received partial financial support from Own funds, Other sources, Public funds (State).Please reply to this post for more information or reach out directly to Jean-Marc Landry.
Study of the behavioral ecology of the wolf in agro-pastoral system (night observation with thermal camera, GPS tracking of sheeps and livestock guarding dogs, investigation of the know-how of sheep breeders and shepherds). After a 5-year phase I, the phase II will begin in 2018. Studies of the wolf – livestock guarding dog interactions are a source of consistent data that brings a new perspective on the relationships and interactions that occur in herds, their immediate vicinity and their extended periphery. The Canovis project is a possible response to major challenges that aim to significantly improve the coexistence between extensive livestock (sheep, goats, cattle) and wolves. Thanks to scientific research, the project designs and develops concrete and adapted solutions. The discoveries we made during the first 5 years of the project are major. Our results are in the process of completely revolutionizing the knowledge of the eco-ethology of the wolf in pastoral system. Unfortunately, our financial resources are limited and this is our major difficulty to continue the project. This was a non-binding measure implemented by IPRA Sàrl until 2017. Jean-Marc Landry Foundation since 2018. in the frame of CANOVIS project (phase I) in the whole country in the Mercantour National Park, Canjuers military camp. It specifically involved Journalists, Livestock risers, General public, Administrative staff (government). It operated for 4 years (from 2013 to 2017) and received partial financial support from Own funds, Private donors, Other sources.Please reply to this post for more information or reach out directly to Gilles MOYNE, director.
Now Javier is a good friend of mine. He regularly visits my farm with tourists, who are very interested in how the dogs work. I am even going to build a visitors centre! I have also met other farmers and people who think like me thanks to him and to WWF and the EuroLargeCarnivores LIFE project.
It is maybe difficult to convince old farmers, but for the young, it is easy to see that coexistence is not just possible, it is a chance to demand to the Administration and the society the support we really need to keep our activity and way of living alive.
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